Grutter was argued on the same day as Gratz at the Supreme Court in 2003, and both were challenges to affirmative action policies at the University of Michigan. Grutter challenged the use of race in the law school's admissions process, and turned out very different from the ruling in Gratz.
The Supreme Court didn't take a major affirmative action case after Bakke in 1978 until 2003, when it heard Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger on the same day. In this episode, hear Gratz, the challenge to the University of Michigan's race-conscious undergraduate admissions policy.
The opinion of Bakke is so complex that the opinion announcement took a full hour. Listen to several justices' views on the first major affirmative action case the Supreme Court heard.
We continue our coverage of the first major affirmative action case to appear before the Supreme Court: Bakke. Listen to the second half of oral arguments, which focuses on whether alternatives to affirmative action would be effective.
In this episode, we share the first part of the first major affirmative action case to come before the Supreme Court, which is commonly known as Bakke.